Avian & Exotic Medicine Services

Below are selected services that we offer commonly for birds, reptiles and companion exotic mammals, seen in the Avian and Exotic Medicine Service:

Birds

  • General Services

    • Wellness examination (recommended once to twice a year)
    • Grooming (beak, nail, wing trim)
    • Husbandry, nutritional, and behaviour consulting
    • Microchip implantation
    • Sexing (DNA, endoscopic)
    • Corrective beak trimming
    • Imping (falconry birds)
    • Feather picking
    • Egg binding
    • Bandaging and wound management
    • Emergency
    • Mobile services for specialized avicultural needs and specific procedures in collections of captive raptors and zoological bird species.
  • Diagnostics

    • Complete blood count and biochemistry profile
    • Diagnostic endoscopy (coeloscopy, gastroscopy, cloacoscopy)
    • Biopsy collection
    • Diagnostic imaging: digital radiography, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, CT-scan, MRI
    • DNA testing for avian bornavirus, avian chlamydiosis, psittacine circovirus, polymavirus and other diseases
    • Bacterial and fungal culture and sensitivity, aspergillosis diagnosis
    • Cytology
    • Fecal parasite testing
    • Specialty services consultation (ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, neurology, oncology)
    • Necropsy
  • Therapeutics

    • Fluid replacement therapy (intravenous, intraosseous, subcutaneous)
    • Assisted feeding (crop, proventricular gavage)
    • Nebulization
    • Endoscopic-guided therapies
    • Temperature controlled incubators and oxygen cages
    • Chemotherapy, radiation therapy
    • Drug compounding
  • Anesthesia and Surgery

    • Chemical sedation
    • Inhalant gas anesthesia (isoflurane, sevoflurane)
    • Analgesia (pain management)
    • Anesthetic monitoring
    • Radiosurgery
    • Microsurgical techniques
    • Soft tissue surgery (e.g. salpingohysterectomy, crop burn and laceration, reconstructive surgery, raptor foot surgeries)
    • Orthopedic surgery (e.g. fracture repair, amputation, beak deviation, angular limb deformities)

Reptiles

  • General Services

    • Wellness examination (recommended once to twice a year)
    • Husbandry and nutritional consulting
    • Reptile-specific hospitalization (controlled temperature, humidity, UVB)
    • Probe sexing
    • Metabolic bone disease
    • Emergency
  • Diagnostics

    • Complete blood count and biochemistry profile
    • Diagnostic endoscopy (rigid and flexible endoscopy)
    • Biopsy collection
    • Diagnostic imaging: digital radiography, ultrasound, CT-scan, MRI
    • Viral diseases testing
    • Bacterial and fungal culture and sensitivity
    • Parasite testing
    • Cytology
    • Specialty services consultation (ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, neurology, oncology)
    • Necropsy
  • Therapeutics

    • Fluid replacement therapy (intravenous, intraosseous, subcutaneous)
    • Assisted feeding (gavage, esophagostomy tubes)
    • Endoscopic-guided therapies
    • Temperature controlled incubators and oxygen cages
    • Chemotherapy, radiation therapy
    • Drug compounding
  • Anesthesia and Surgery

    • Injectable anesthesia
    • Inhalant gas anesthesia (isoflurane, sevoflurane)
    • Analgesia (pain management)
    • Anesthetic monitoring equipment
    • Radiosurgery
    • Microsurgical techniques
    • Soft tissue surgery (e.g. spay, exploratory laparotomy, chelonian plastrotomy, reconstructive surgery, gastrotomy)
    • Orthopedic surgery (e.g. shell repair, fracture repair, amputation)
Companion exotic mammals
  • General Services

    • Wellness examination (recommended once to twice a year
    • Husbandry and nutritional consulting
    • Nail trimming
    • Rabbit and rodent dentistry (see below)
    • Emergency (gastric stasis, gastrointestinal disorders)
  • Rabbit and Rodent Dentistry

    • Malocclusion problems
    • Endoscopic-guided dental examination
    • Video-documentation of dental abnormalities for follow-up examinations
    • Teeth trimming and resurfacing using dental rotating instruments
    • Incisor removal
    • Dental abscesses treatment
    • Regional dental blockade
    • Dental radiography
    • Computed tomography of the skull
  • Diagnostics

    • Ferret adrenal gland disease work-up and monitoring
    • Ferret lymphoma: staging, grading, and management
    • Rabbit thymoma diagnosis
    • Rat respiratory disease
    • Complete blood count and biochemistry profile
    • Diagnostic endoscopy (rigid and flexible endoscopy)
    • Biopsy collection
    • Diagnostic imaging: digital radiography, ultrasound, CT-scan, MRI
    • Viral diseases testing
    • Bacterial and fungal culture and sensitivity
    • Parasite testing
    • Cytology
    • Specialty services consultation (ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, neurology, oncology)
    • Necropsy
  • Therapeutics

    • Fluid replacement therapy (intravenous, intraosseous, subcutaneous)
    • Assisted feeding (gavage, nasogastric tubes)
    • Temperature controlled incubators and oxygen cages
    • Conservative ferret adrenal gland disease treatment (deslorelin implant, lupron)
    • Ferret insulinoma management
    • Chemotherapy, radiation therapy (ferret lymphoma, rabbit thymoma)
    • Drug compounding
  • Anesthesia and Surgery

    • Injectable anesthesia
    • Inhalant gas anesthesia (isoflurane, sevoflurane)
    • Analgesia (pain management)
    • Anesthetic monitoring equipment
    • Radiosurgery
    • Microsurgical techniques
    • Soft tissue surgery (e.g. spay, neuter, adrenalectomy, exploratory laparotomy, foreign body surgeries, gastrointestinal surgeries)
    • Orthopedic surgery (e.g. fracture repair, amputation)